Ngoc Son Temple and The huc Bridge Discover – Hanoi Travel
HISTORY AND VALUE OF NGOC SON TEMPLE IN HANOI
Ngoc Son Temple was built on an islet in Hoan Kiem Lake in the 19th century. This is one of the iconic architectures in Hanoi. Ngoc Son Temple is not only a famous spiritual destination but also a place to bring Vietnamese and foreign visitors unforgettable experiences. Students who are going to take exams often come here to pray for the good luck.
In the past, when King Ly Thai To made a momentous decision to transfer his capital to Thang Long, he named the temple Ngoc Tuong. In the Tran dynasty, the temple was renamed Ngoc Son. This temple was built to worship heroic martyrs who sacrificed their life in the resistance against the Mongol invasions. Due to not being restored for a long period of time, the temple was collapsed.
In the Le dynasty, Trinh Giang ruling lord built the Thuy Khanh palace on the former ground of Ngoc Son Temple. At the end of the Le dynasty, it was destroyed. Then a philanthropist named Tin Trai built a new temple on the left base of the palace and named it Ngoc Son Temple.
The temple was built southward and there is a bell tower in front of the temple, many people come to visit because of its poetic scenery. Over many years, the temple was ruined. A few years later, the son of Tin Trai ceded the temple to a charity.
In 1865, a Confucian scholar named Nguyen Van Sieu repaired the temple. The ground was expanded by packing more land and building stone embankments around. He also built Tran Ba pavilion and a bridge crossing from the East bank to the temple and named it The Huc bridge. On the left of the temple, he built Dai Nghien representing an ink stone. In the East, he built Thap But – the Pen Tower (A pen pointed to the sky).
After the temple was completed, it becomes a sacred place to worship La To (god of medicine) and Tran Hung Dao, a supreme commander of the country during the Tran Dynasty. Through the ups and downs of history, today, Ngoc Son temple still remains its splendid and majestic beauty in the heart of the capital.
THE WORSHIP OF NGOC SON TEMPLE
The main temple consists of two structures connected to each other. The temple facing the north is reserved to worship General Tran Hung Dao and Wenchang Wang. There is also a statue of Buddha Amitabha at Ngoc Son Temple, which is proof of the diversity of the people’s spiritual life and the co-existence of different religions in Vietnam.
Tran Hung Dao statue is placed on a one-metre high stone platform. On two sides of the statue, there are stone stairs. Tourists can take pictures with Tran Hung Dao statue. Wenchang Wang statue stands up majestically holding a pen in his hand, expressing a relaxed and gentle posture.
In every exam season, pupils in Hanoi in particular and the whole country in general visit Ngoc Son Temple to pray for a good luck. Visitors when coming to Hanoi often visit Ngoc Son Temple to enjoy the scene as well as memorize the great heroes of the country.
THE HUC BRIDGE
Tourists must cross The Huc bridge to Ngoc Son Temple. The bridge is highlighted in the bright red colour, looking like a charming silk strip across the blue water. The Huc bridge means to keep the beautiful light of the sun. When crossing The Huc Bridge, almost visitors linger for a few minutes to take pictures and admire the scenery.